Respiratory Care Technology
Respiratory Care is practiced under the direction and supervision of a licensed physician involving the diagnosis, testing, treatment, monitoring, and care of persons with deficiencies and abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system. Respiratory care practitioners work in general hospital inpatient care; adult, pediatric, or neonatal intensive care units; emergency rooms; out-patient, home care, or rehabilitation facilities; special-procedure areas; and diagnostic laboratories. Graduates are eligible to take the advanced level national credentialing exams to become Registered Respiratory Therapists.
The Respiratory Care Technology Program at Delgado Community College is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care.
Note: Program applicants should be aware that visible tattoos and body piercings (other than earrings) are not permitted in many clinical affiliates. Upon acceptance into a program and the commencement of clinical rotations, students may be required to cover visible tattoos and remove visible piercings.
Respiratory care practitioners work in many different health care environments which may include:
general hospital in-patient care
adult, pediatric or neonatal intensive care units
out-patient, home care or rehabilitation facilities
Respiratory Care Program Technical Standards
Under the direct supervision of a physician:
- Administer all forms of respiratory therapy treatment modalities
- Maintain mechanical ventilator support systems and apply appropriate weaning techniques
- Perform arterial blood gas sample acquisition, analysis and interpretation of results
- Calibrate monitoring and diagnostic equipment
- Perform routine airway care
- Perform patient assessments and develop care plans
- Make rational clinical decisions based on patient responses
- Communicate effectively with other health care personnel
- Monitor, set up and maintain oxygen delivery systems
- Interpret results of other diagnostic data: chest x-rays, labs, ECG, etc
- Perform ventilation and cardiac compressions during CPR
- Maintain departmental and patient records, accurately document all treatments, procedures, and related patient assessments
- Recognize indications and contraindications of all therapeutic modalities, Respiratory medications, and diagnostic procedures
- Make recommendations of appropriate therapy as indicated
- Aid in safe transportation of patient and equipment
- Provides instruction to patients, family members about therapy and equipment used
- Rehabilitation of the patient with chronic respiratory disease
- Assists with both diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopy
- Performs quality control and basic maintenance of diagnostic equipment
- Be able to work long periods of time while standing; bend, squat, reach above shoulders, twist, turn, kneel.
- Move large equipment on rollers, push, pull 50lbs.
- Turn and lift patients of varying weights
- Use stairs to report to emergencies rapidly
- Hear alarms and direct verbal communication in patient care areas which often have high noise level
- See alarms, dials, digital and graphical displays in occasional decreased lighting
- Communicate the English language clearly to other personnel and patients
- Manual dexterity and mobility
- 8 to 12 hour shifts occurring during the day, evening, night, weekends and holidays
- One 30 minute lunch/dinner break
- One or two 15 minute breaks, depending on the shift
- Typically a full time equivalent CRT/RRT will work 2080 hours/year and receive the benefits granted by the employing institution, which usually include: vacation time, sick leave, and health insurance.
- Back injuries from lifting and moving patient/equipment
- Exposure to a wide range of air borne and blood and body fluid borne pathogens
Respiratory Care Technology Program Goals
- Teach an attitude of personal student ownership of their education.
- Teach an attitude of excellence, teamwork, and professionalism.
- Teach the difference between fundamentals (principles) and techniques (style).
- Teach patient education fundamentals wherever applicable.
- Teach preventative health principles wherever applicable.
- Teach a respect for all patients, as well as their families.
- Teach technical skills with the latest technology and techniques of modern medical standards and practices.
- Teach evidence-based practice following the AARC’s Clinical Practice Guidelines.
- Prepare students for the NBRC Written and Clinical Simulation Credentialing Registry Exams.
- Encourage the development of critical thinking skills.
- Prepare graduates with demonstrated competence in the cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor (skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains of respiratory care practice as preformed by registered respiratory therapists (RRTs).
- Encourage and expect participation and support through membership in state (LSRC) and national (AARC) professional organizations.
Respiratory Care Technology Outcomes
|Graduation Year||2014-16 (3-Year Average)|
|Number of graduates||17|
|Number of students enrolled||19|
|Retention (based on enrollment date, not graduation date)||94.7 %|
|On-time graduation rate||70.8 %|
|Positive job placement||86.3 %|
|CRT credential success (all graduates)||96.1 %|
|*TMC exam - first time passing low cut score (2015)||95.5 %|
|*TMC exam - first time passing high cut score (2016)||86.4 %|
|RRT credential success (all graduates)||80.4 %|
|Clinical simulation exam - first time passing||71.9 %|
*As of January 1, 2015, the Therapist Multiple-Choice (TMC) Examination and the updated Clinical Simulation Examinations are the professional credentialing examinations taken by graduates of CoARC accredited programs to earn the Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) credential and Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credential. These exams are National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) and have been in use since 1/1/2015. Prior to 2015, there were separate exams for the CRT and written portion of the RRT. The CRT and/or RRT credentials are used as the basis for licensure in Louisiana, as well as 48 other states that regulate the practice of RT.
The RRT credentialing Examinations are designed to objectively measure essential knowledge, shills, and abilities required of advanced respiratory therapist. The TMC determines eligibility for the Clinical Simulation Examination. There are two established cut scores for the TMC Examination.
- If a candidate achieves the lower cut score, they earn the CRT credential
- If a candidate achieves the higher cut score, they earn the CRT credential and become eligible for the Clinical Simulation Examination
- Individuals who attempt and pass the TMC Examination at the higher cur score and attempt and pass the Clinical Simulation Examination are awarded the RRT credential.
- The RRT credential must be earned within three years of completing the respiratory therapy program. The NBRC does provide a means to regaining eligibility to earn the RRT credential.
Information on student/graduate outcomes for our program and all other programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC) may be found on CoARC’s website.
Persons accepted into the Respiratory Care Technology Programs will be required to:
- Be 18 years of age or older
- Pass a physician's physical examination prior to admission, once accepted to the program;
- Initiate the Hepatitis B Vaccine series prior to admission, once accepted to the program;
- Be tested for tuberculosis prior to admission, once accepted to the program;
- Be certified in CPR for Healthcare Providers once accepted to program;
- Be willing to work with sick and disabled persons, be accurate, thorough, congenial, flexible and ambitious, be dependable, responsible, reliable, and abide by rules, regulations and schedules;
- Be able to provide own transportation to clinical sites;
- Meet the technical standards of the Respiratory Care profession which are available for review in the Allied Health Office, as well as on the Program website.
- Be responsible for their own medical insurance coverage
- Pass a nationwide criminal back ground check and urine drug screen
- Receive the flu vaccine and prove immunity to Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Vaircella.
Respiratory Care Technology students pay the same fee for each term as other credit students enrolled in the college.
*Louisiana Resident's Fee - $2039.52
*Non-Resident's Fee - $4183.92
In addition to these charges, the following fees are also assessed:
- $10 assessed as the Student Government Association fee
- $15 Student Life Center fee
- $5.00/credit hour Technology Fee (up to $60)
- $7.00/credit hour Academic Excellence Fee
- This does not include Lab Fees if applicable for classes scheduled.
*Subject to changes
Other costs include uniforms, clinical supplies, health requirements, background check, drug test, textbooks, and seminars which are approximately $800.00 over the duration of each year of the program. Various financial assistance options are available to students. Information on scholarships, loans and grants may be obtained through the college's Office of Financial Aid.